(SENASA June 9th 2017) The Argentine Sanitary Authority (SENASA) confirms validity of Ministry of Agriculture Resolution 121/1998 by a Memorandum who says: 
By this note we warn that the honey from 2016/2017 crop must be marketed into new or recycle drums strictly complying what Resolution number 121/1998 stablished"
The note number 203/1998 is signed by Dr. Dal Bianco.

Honeybees listening in winter

Many novice beekeepers are interested in the methods for the bees listening in winter. Beekeeping books contain a lot of information about it. But beekeepers that have learned almost all the secrets of beekeeping do not pay much attention to this technique. Because it is almost impossible to help wintering bee colonies, if they have any significant problems. The only thing you can learn reliably by ear is whether bees are alive or not. In this article you will learn how to listen the bees in winter, about the kinds of bee colony sounds at this time, and why experienced beekeepers do not rely on this method. 

Wintering of honey bees in a cellar

beehives in a basement
Wintering of honey bees in the cellar (basement) is the only method of saving bee colonies until the spring in areas with harsh, frosty, windy, prolonged winters. Therefore, it has a lot of supporters. In my area with unstable winter and extreme temperature drops (-5°F at night and +41°F in the daytime), it is also preferable to carry weak colonies to the cellar. In this article you will learn about how to prepare the cellar, carry the bees thereto and care of the bees during this period. 

Indoor wintering of bees has several advantages. Bee colonies will spend less fodder until spring, thus their intestines will be loaded less provided that everything is organized properly. In case of such wintering method, the wooden beehives are subjected to less wear due to precipitation (less rotting). 

Ventilation of beehives in winter is the key to successful wintering

ventilation of hives in winter
Ventilation of hives in winter, in addition to the colony strength, stock of high-quality fodder and the conditions needed for the bees plays an important role for successful wintering. It is needed for gas exchange in the hive (fresh air inflow and carbon dioxide outflow) as well as for the release of extra water vapor. 

All life on earth breathing air. A human, when breathing on strong frost releases carbon dioxide and vapor. Bees similarly breathe in winter, releasing carbon dioxide with vapor. In this article you will learn about the ventilation in my long hives in winter, about my reflections and relevant experience.

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